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   Welcome to the Frampton Irish Blog. I will try to provide a blog edition each month. Each edition will have a theme. I will try to include such items as updated information on my research activities, new things I am learning, interesting tidbits on Frampton Irish persons and families, and occasionally some research tips. If I present questions and issues to you, and you have answers or comments, I invite your feedback either on the guest book or if you prefer by email to me at

Wexford Map Analysis Feb 06, 2009

The theme of this blog is "map analysis." It is an analysis of the place names found for the Frampton Irish in County Wexford. As I have presented in earlier blogs, I believe that about 25% of the Frampton Irish settlers came from County Wexford, so information derived from analyzing maps in that location may be indicative of the general location where the Wexford settlers came from.

When I was engaged in investigative work prior to my retirement, a specific investigative technique that we would use was "link analysis." Link analysis was a comparison of persons, places and evidence in order to determine potential suspects, witnesses and likely locations where further evidence might be found. The goal in law enforcement work was to gather sufficient information to determine probable cause so that an enforcement action might proceed. In genealogy investigations, it would be nice to gather enough evidence to achieve probable cause, but sometimes due to a lack of available records, we might have to settle for a preponderance of evidence. Preponderance of evidence means that there is more evidence to say something is true than evidence that says it is not. So link analysis can be used in genealogy to narrow the focus of further research or study to at least provide a preponderance of evidence.

I have conducted an analysis of the links found between Frampton Irish persons and places in County Wexford. It is based upon two assumptions: (1) that the settlement of the Frampton area by emigrants from County Wexford was a function of "chain-migration" starting with the Miles Murphy family in 1806, and (2) that people that lived near each other in Frampton probably lived near each other in County Wexford. County Wexford in subdivided into Baronies, Civil Parishes (CP), and Townlands (TL). The Roman Catholic Parishes (RCP) overlap and overlay the civil parishes.

The following is a narrative of the County Wexford links. John Sinnott was the son of 1798 Rebellion leader Thomas Sinnott of Kilbride (TL) in Ballyhuskard (CP) and Oylegate (RCP). John Sinnott was reported to be a "nephew" of Martin Murphy, Sr. and was also the brother-in-law of Martin Murphy, Jr. John Sinnott and Martin Murphy, Jr. were married to the daughters of Patrick Bulger of Oylegate (RCP). Martin Murphy, Sr. was from Ballyhuskard (CP). One of his biographies gives his origin as "Balnamogh" which appears to be a misinterpretation of Balynamuddagh (TL) which was near Kilbride (TL) in Ballyhuskard (CP). Kilbride (TL) is near Kilcotty (TL). Records indicate that Patrick Devereux was from "Kilkaldy" which appears to be a misinterpretation of Kilcotty (TL). Patrick Devereux was married to Mary Culleton who was the daughter of Johanna Murphy and the niece of Peter Murphy. Johanna Murphy and Peter Murphy are suspected to be children of Miles Murphy. Miles Murphy lived in Tiknock (TL) in Kilcormick (CP) which was next to Oulartwick (TL) and his sister was Mary Murphy. Mary Murphy was married to Michael Donahue and the Donoahues are suspected of having lived in Oulartwick (TL). Oulartwick (TL) was next to Clondaw (TL) where a Nicholas Murphy, a James Kelly and a Lambert family lived. Clondaw (TL) was next to Balinrode (TL) which had several Murphy families including a John Murphy and a Thomas Murphy. Balinrode (TL) was next to Dranagh (TL) where the Brennans are suspected to have come from. Peter Murphy signed a petition in the "Rebellion Papers" for the release of Michael Brennan of Dranagh (TL) in Kilcormick (CP). Peter Murphy was living at the time in Ballygortin (TL) of Kilmuckridge (RCP). Kilmuckridge is the Catholic parish which overlaps Killincooly (CP). Killincooly (CP) was reported to be the origin of the Matthew O’Connor and Sylvester O’Connor families. In fact, the baptism record for one of Matthew O’Connor’s daughters was found in the Kilmuckridge (RCP) parish register. Kilmuckridge (RCP) is next to Blackwater (RCP) and Ballyvaldon (CP) where the Duff family came from. Miles Duff’s wife Margaret Doyle was from Killila (CP) which was next to Ballyvaldon (CP). Killila (CP) is next to Castle-Ellis (CP) which is overlapped by Oulart (RCP). Michael Doran’s baptism record was found in the Oulart (RCP) parish register and his family lived in Bolaboy (TL) in Castle-Ellis (CP). Castle-Ellis (CP) is next to Ballyhuskard (CP) which is partially overlapped by Oulart (RCP) and Oylegate (RCP). Michael Doran’s parents were Michael Doran and Ann Sinnott. The place name Ballyhuskard (CP) and the surname Sinnott brings these links full circle back to Kilbride (TL). Incidentally, a baptism record for a son of Peter Murphy and Margaret Lambert was found in the Oylegate (RCP) parish register.

This analysis cannot totally rule out coincidence. For example, surnames and given names in County Wexford can be repeated in many different locations. But sometimes the amount evidence tends to rule out the chances of coincidence. There appears to be a preponderance of evidence that locations identified constitute the "homeland" of the Frampton Irish from County Wexford. However, it should be noted that some Frampton Irish came from the parishes of Moyacomb (CP) and Killegney (CP) as well.

My analysis has resulted in identifying a large area (144 sq. miles) in the middle of County Wexford primarily in the Barony of Ballaghkeen. By plotting the locations in these links on a map, an area is identified that is bounded on the west by Enniscorthy and on the east by Blackwater. It extends northward to the civil parish of Ferns and on the south to Oylegate and pretty much centers on the village of Oulart. The resulting map is definitely in "rebellion country," including the place names of Boolevogue (Catholic chapel of Fr. John Murphy, leader of the Rebellion of 1798), Oulart Hill, Vinegar Hill, and Enniscorthy. On this map I included the boundaries of the civil parishes and then superimposed the boundaries of the Catholic parishes. Most of the place names found in the Frampton Irish records are shown on the map.

For the most part, the Frampton emigrants from County Wexford were Catholics. From the map, I can quickly discern which are the most likely Catholic parishes where Frampton Irish records might be found. Those are the Catholic parishes of Monageer, Oylegate, Oulart, Kilmuckridge, and Blackwater. But then when a check is made on what year the existing records for each parish start it is quickly apparent why records for Frampton Irish emigrants from County Wexford are difficult to find. The year that the records start for each parish are: Monageer, bir -1838, mar - 1838; Oylegate, bir -1804, mar - 1803, dea - 1865; Oulart, bir - 1825, mar - 1823; Kilmuckridge, bir - 1818, mar - 1768; and Blackwater, bir - 1825, mar - 1815, dea - 1840. Considering that most of the Frampton Irish settlers were already in the Frampton area by 1830, this doesn’t offer much hope for finding such "primary records" for such Wexford ancestors. This is why such techniques as "link analysis" using such "secondary records" as maps may offer the best hope of identifying places of origin.

I have always had a fascination with maps and mapping. I like to know much more about my ancestors than just births, marriages, and deaths. I like to know specifically where they lived. I have walked on the ground my ancestors walked on in many places in North America. But before I visited those places, I took the time to study various "old" maps of the area to find my ancestors farms, churches, cemeteries, etc. I also have made my own maps of the Frampton area and plotted the locations of the farms owned by the Irish settlers so I could visualize the "neighborhoods." So now I have made a map of the "homeland" of my Wexford ancestors. When I finally get the chance to go there, I will be able to walk on their ground once more.

Emigration Patterns Dec 09, 2008

The theme of this blog is emigration patterns from Ireland to Frampton. Don’t you wish sometime that some lost collection of early ship lists for ships traveling to Lower Canada from Ireland during the period from 1800 through the famine (1840s) would suddenly be discovered somewhere? Ship lists are the primary source that most family history sleuths rely upon to tell them when their ancestor arrived in North America and quite often where they came from. The problem with this for the Frampton Irish is because they emigrated from Ireland (a possession of the British Empire) to Canada (a possession of the British Empire), they didn’t really emigrate from one country to another so the keeping of ship lists was not all that important. Also, it wasn’t until the start of Grosse Ile in 1832 that Canada had an "emigrant station." Much of the Frampton Irish was already living on farms in the Frampton vicinity by then.

There are, however, ways of approximating when a Frampton Irish ancestor may have arrived in Lower Canada. In my index work, I have estimated the year of arrival for many of the Frampton Irish progenitors. This estimate is based upon the date of the progenitor’s earliest record found in Lower Canada. The presence of the progenitor in either the 1825 or 1831 heads of household census in Frampton is also an important indicator.

I have compiled the estimated year data from my index work and I have been able to generally divide the Frampton emigration patterns into four groups: group one are those who arrived prior to 1820; group 2 are those who arrived from 1821 to 1825 (prior to 1825 census); group 3 are those who arrived from 1826 (after 1825 census) to 1831 (prior to 1831 census); group 4 are those who arrived after 1831 (after the 1831 census). Some rather general assumptions can be made about each group by examining those who have identified places of origin in Ireland and some that even have dates of departure/arrival.

Included in group one are the very first arrivals. The first to arrive in Lower Canada was the Miles Murphy family from County Wexford. According to a land petition that he and his family filed in 1810, they had already been living in Lower Canada for four years, making their arrival year 1806. Further, the names of Miles Murphy and Peter Murphy appear "side by side" on an 1806 list of those petitioning for land grants in Lower Canada. It appears that arrival of the Irish prior to 1816 was extremely rare. This was due to three primary factors: (1) the agricultural economy in Ireland was "booming" due to the food needs of the military during the Napoleonic Wars; (2) there were only perhaps a handful of Irish in Lower Canada at the time, mostly soldiers stationed at the garrison; and (3) the "timber trade" economy would not get started until close to the end of the Napoleonic Wars (1814-1815) leading to the availability of greater shipping. In fact, the Quebec Mercury newspaper recorded just three ships arriving in Quebec City from Irish ports between 1805 and 1816. One ship, the Recovery, arrived from Dublin on August 19, 1806 after an 11 week voyage with 34 passengers on board. Unfortunately, the Quebec Mercury never included any lists of names on board. But this may have been the ship that the Miles Murphy family arrived on. I believe that the emigration of the Miles Murphy family was the direct result of Miles having been imprisoned for his involvement in the 1798 Irish Rebellion and he may have been exiled from Ireland after his release. It would be this families communication with family and friends that would result in other Wexford emigrants coming to Lower Canada and Frampton Township becoming an Irish settlement.

In a land petition filed by Peter Murphy and other Irish emigrants in 1817, they stated that they had chartered a brig from the City of Wexford to sail to Lower Canada. Records of Peter Murphy’s son James’ baptism were found to have occurred in County Wexford in 1809 and his son Patrick’s baptism at Notre Dame de Quebec in 1811. This means that Peter Murphy probably arrived in Lower Canada about 1810 or 1811. However the Quebec Mercury newspaper reported only the arrival of the Jane Layburn from Dublin after a passage of 39 days carrying 19 passengers in 1811. No arrivals from Irish ports were reported in 1810.

Group one includes the very first settlers of Frampton Township. There were about 31 progenitors in this group. Andrew Murphy, Robert Wright and Patrick Byrnes were the first to received land concessions in the township in 1816. Andrew Murphy (son of Miles Murphy) and his brother-in-law Robert Wright arrived with the Miles Murphy family in 1806. Patrick Byrnes probably arrived about 1815 from County Wexford. Peter Murphy (probable son of Miles Murphy) didn’t settle in Frampton until 1821 (on the same farm as was conceded to Robert Wright who died in 1821). With the exception of the Miles Murphy family, for the most part these first settlers arrived after 1816. Also, for the most part these first settlers came from County Wexford. Although the first two Protestant families came from Northern Ireland, John Ross from Antrim and Edward Manes from Armagh. All of these first settlers would take up land in the northwest corner of Frampton Township.

The Quebec Mercury newspaper reported several ships arriving from Wexford and Waterford in 1817, 1818, and 1819. The James Fitzgerald family was known to have arrived in Lower Canada on May 17, 1820, having come from County Wexford. The Quebec Mercury newspaper just happens to have reported the arrival of the Aeolus from Waterford (near Wexford) after a 35 day crossing and carrying 120 passengers. The other possible Wexford passengers on this ship were the Martin Murphy family and the John Sinnott family. The Aeolus crossed from Waterford to Quebec City in 1819, 1825, 1826, and 1827 as well. It was reported on August 2, 1818 that 1,337 immigrants had arrived at Quebec City when the total population of the city was only 10 times that number.

Group two sort of doubled the population with about 34 additional progenitors. This group included 11 more progenitors from County Wexford. There was also the addition of three Protestant families from County Antrim and one from County Cavan. These Protestant families were probably the seed group that would bring many others to Frampton from the North of Ireland. By this era, the number of ships arriving from Ireland become far too many to mention in this brief article. The "timber trade" was now in full swing transporting timber from the port of Quebec City to the British Isles. There was a need to have a cargo to return to Quebec City and the passenger business from Ireland was booming. Most of the group two progenitors would continue to settle on the vacant lots in the northwest corner of Frampton Township. However, three Irish settlers can be found in East Frampton (enumerated under the parish of Ste. Claire) in the 1825 census. Those settlers were Patrick Kinsley, James Sheehy and Timothy Connell. Patrick Kinsley may have been from County Wexford. Timothy Connell was from County Limerick and had received his land concession from William Henderson on October 25, 1823 and that is the most probable year of his arrival. The Quebec Mercury reported the arrival of two ships from Limerick in 1823. The Mary Ann departed on May 19 and arrived in Quebec City on July 16 with 142 passengers. The Fortitude departed on June 14 and arrived in Quebec City on July 25 with 194 passengers.

Group three still included a great number of families from County Wexford. Although in this group a diversity of Irish origins begins to take place with the southeast area of Ireland being prominent. With this group, settlement was much more spread out into the southwestern area of Frampton Township (the "Luce Settlement"), into the Henderson settlements in East Frampton and into the southern concessions of the Seigneurie of Jolliet (Ste. Marguerite). Of note is the reported journey of Martin Murphy. Jr. and his sister Margaret who supposed left Wexford for Lower Canada on the Thomas Farrell on April 9, 1828. The Quebec Mercury did report the arrival of the Thomas Farrell on September 4, 1828 after departing Wexford on July 24, but the cargo was reported as ballast (stones to provide balance for sailing) rather than passengers. Martin Murphy’s more likely passage was an arrival of the Thomas Farrell on May 3, 1827 after a 26 day passage. There were 25 passengers and the departure date would have been around April 6, 1827. This is supported by the fact that his sister Margaret married Thomas Kell on April 29, 1828 at Ste. Marie. Thomas Kell was from England and the couple met each other in Lower Canada. They most likely knew each other longer than 20 days when they were married. The Thomas Farrell also made the passage from Wexford to Quebec City in 1825 and 1826.

Another group 3 passage was the journey of the Edmund Ryan family who traveled from County Tipperary to Limerick in April of 1826. They then left Limerick and arrived in Quebec City on June 4, 1826. The Quebec Mercury reported two ships departing Limerick for Quebec City in April 1826. The Commerce left Limerick on April 29, 1826 with 106 passengers

and arrived in Quebec City on June 12. The Hale also left Limerick on April 29, 1826 with 124 passengers and arrived in Quebec City on June 19. Edmund Ryan came from the Catholic Parish of Ballyporeen in County Tipperrary. He would be one among many Tipperary emigrants to settle in St. Malachie, most in the Concession of Ballyporeen.

Group 4 represented a greater diversity of Irish origins, although many appear to have been from the Northern half of Ireland from such counties as Londonderry, Armagh, Down, Antrim, Kings, Longford, etc. Group 4 had a higher proportion of Protestant settlers. This group tended to settle in East Frampton (St. Malachie). After 1831, the traffic of ships coming from Ireland was tremendous due to the partial failure of the potato crop (the first "famine") in 1830 and 1831. By the end of the 1831 immigration season, 47,708 immigrants had arrived at Quebec City in 856 vessels and most of these were the Irish. This rapid emigration may have been partly responsible for a cholera epidemic in Lower Canada from 1831 to 1834. On February 25, 1832, An Act of the Assembly of Lower Canada created the emigrant station at Grosse Isle to deal with the problem. By the time of the Irish "famine" of the 1840s, the majority of the Frampton Irish had already arrived and settled on farms in the Frampton vicinity.

For the most part, the Frampton Irish emigrants spent some time in Quebec City before they went to Frampton. In the register of Notaire Archibald Campbell, evidence is found of a substantial number of business men in the Irish Community from 1811 to 1819. Among them were Patrick Daly (son-in-law of Miles Murphy), tavern keeper; Andrew Murphy (son of Miles Murphy), inspector of timber; Michael Murphy, shoemaker; Joseph Maloney, tavern keeper; John Hennessey, tavern keeper; Martin Fitzgerald, tavern keeper; John O’Hara, merchant and inn keeper; James Hickey, ship carpenter; Henry Connelly, clerk; William O’Hara, merchant; John Staples, ship builder; James Butler, ship carpenter; Hugh Duff, master carpenter; Dennis Doyle, tavern keeper; and John Byrne & Patrick O’Connor, tailors. This community would continue to grow and most likely was of great service to the Irish emigrants stepping off the boat in the Lower Town part of Quebec City. One can only imagine the emigrant going straight to the nearest Irish owned pub where they could find someone of their own nationality and speaking their own language to get information about jobs and locations to settle. It would not be difficult for them to learn of the Irish settlement of Frampton.

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